Comic "James, The son of the thunder"
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Comic James the Apostle, the son of thunder
- This comic tells us, from the years after the death of Jesus, as his disciples were faced with the task which his master had entrusted to him: "you shall be my witnesses to the ends of the orb.
- James Bar Zebedee, St. James The Apostle. he lived a great adventure bringing this message to the ends of the Earth (Finisterrae to the romans).
- St james the Apostle, spreading the message of Jesus changed forever the life of the small communities settled in those lands. With the passing of the centuries would transform completely the culture of the entire european continent.
- Comic book of the Apostle Santiago with 32 pages
- Edited by the Delegation of Pilgrimages of the Archdiocese of Santiago.
The life of st. James the Apostle
The origins of st. James the Apostle, the son of Thunder
The comic is the story that gave origin to the Camino de Santiago, the pilgrimage, and with it the birth of Europe as we know it in our days.
The family of st. James the Apostle was a native of a village called Yafía, close to Nazareth.
The Apostle James devoted himself to fishing on the sea of Tiberias when Jesus began his preaching in Galilee.
The call of Jesus and the response of the Apostle saint James and Saint John the Evangelist
Two of these twelve Apostles were the brothers James the Apostle and St. John the Evangelist, dedicated to fishing on the sea of Galilee or Tiberias with Zebedee, their father. Jesus invited them to follow him (Mk. 1, 19) and they, along with Peter, were the group most intimate of Jesus: (Cf. Lc. 9,28; Mc. 5,37; Mt. 26,37).
The character of the Apostle Santiago
The Gospel emphasizes his quick temper of the Apostle Santiago. So, James, with his brother John, called for fire from heaven to the samaritans (Lk. 9,54); and to have the first places (Mt. 20,21); Jesus called them Boanerges: Sons of Thunder (Mk. 3, 17)
The decision of Santiago after the death of Jesus
Jesus christ had said to the Apostles: you shall be my witnesses in Jerusalem, in Judea, in Galilee and up to the end of the earth (Acts. 1, 8). Where will you turn to the Apostle Santiago to fulfill the word of Jesus?.
He chooses for himself the more difficult task, will travel to proclaim the word of Jesus to the place further away that I knew the man, the Apostle James will travel to Finisterre.
Since the death of Jesus to the martyrdom of the Apostle James beheaded by Herod Agrippa in the year 44 in Jerusalem (Acts. 12, 2 ), it was about 10 or 12 years. More than enough time to preach the Gospel in Spain, traditions written of the early years and oral narratives of many places of the iberian peninsula speaks of the preaching of the Apostle Santiago.
The Apostle James the young
Seems to fit with the temperament of the Apostle saint James a posture of openness: implementing the new message that he brought Jesus, overcoming jewish practices. To do this he took with him some young people, known as Stephen, on the way to Finisterre. After long years of preaching, the Apostle saint James decided to return with his disciples Spanish to Jerusalem
The Apostle james suffers martyrdom for Jesus
Herod Agrippa begins the persecution of the new group. Starts by being the most outstanding: the Apostle James was the first to die, was beheaded (Acts. 12,2). Later, he also suffers the repression, Saint Peter, who was sent to prison (Ac. 12,3 ss.). In these years of persecution, many of the faithful to the word of Jesus, they decide to flee from Jerusalem.
During their escape they were spreading the Good news of Jesus by all parties.
The disciples brought the body of st. James to Galicia
By a rich tradition preserved in the village, we know that his disciples in a boat they moved his body to Iria-Compostela.
Males Apostolic in Spain
In these early centuries, after the death of James, one of his disciples, who are called Men of Apostolic, sent afterwards by St. Peter from Rome, continued the evangelization of Spain, they are: Torcuato of Acci (Guadix), Indalecio (Bishop of Urci-Almería), Ctesiphon of Vergi (Berja), the Second of Abuela (Avila), Cecilio of Ilíberis (Elvira-Granada), Esiquio of Carcesa (Cáceres), Euphrasius of Ilitugi (Andujar)
The veneration of the tomb of the Apostle Santiago, in a principle, it would be local only
This local knowledge, God knows how many historical avatars will be supported, struggles, war, etc..., leading to periods of abandonment and oblivion of the Grave.
Time of the revival of the veneration of saint James the Apostle
The Providence of God has his time without annual periods. So at the end of the NINTH century, that tradition located in a small space, it rapidly expands. The Bishop of Iria, Teodomino, and the king of Asturias, Alfonso II, convinced of the fact, announce it to the whole world through the Holy Empire legacy of Carlo Magno.
Both are the main drivers of building a church in the place where they know which lie the remains of the Apostle Santiago. This Church soon becomes too small, the news of the tomb of the Apostle James does not stop growing, just like the pilgrims who start the way to see the tomb of Santiago Apostle.
A new Church became imperative and was built by king Alfonso III and the Bishop Sisnando. Inaugurated in the year 899.
The tomb of the Apostle Santiago will be glorious
That news spread across Europe. Each time they were more pilgrims taking the Road to Santiago. Each time they were more pilgrims who received the favors of the Apostle James: in the year of 930 at the Monastery of Reichenau, in southern Germany, near lake Constance, is the narrative of a clergyman who regained the sight in his pilgrimage to Santiago. And in 951, a document of the Monastery of Albelda, Logroño, narrates the pilgrimage of the Bishop of Le Puy (France), called Gotescalco, who was returning from Santiago with a great retinue. The first of these written documents demonstrate that it should be a very well-known fact already then. It is believed that it is in these years when you start using the Shell for Santiago as a symbol of the pilgrims.
The great pilgrimage to the Tomb of the Apostle Santiago
Approaching the Sepulchre of the Apostle Santiago were invited to connect with who was a direct witness of the facts the saviours of the Lord; to go to the very roots of the faith. The influx of pilgrims took the Popes to encourage the pilgrimage with special thanks. Thus, in 1122, Pope Callistus II, and Alexander III in 1179, granted in perpetuity to the Jubilee of the Holy Year for the church of Santiago. Every time the day of st. James the Apostle, July 25, falls on a Sunday we would celebrate the year of Jubilee, the year that it would be giving special gifts to the pilgrims who visit the tomb of the Apostle Santiago. In this way many kings, holy men, men of all social sectors, decided to visit the tomb of Santiago Apostle.
Exhibition of the Tomb of Santiago the Apostle for the veneration
The Cathedral of Santiago today is the third building that was on the tomb of the Apostle Santiago, who has always remained in the same place
In the year 1887, the Archbishop D. Miguel Payá and Rico to restructure the place where are the Remains of the Apostle James, under the high altar of the Cathedral. We also carried out a scientific analysis, first diocesan-approved by Pope Leo XIII, followed by a roman trial, with the study on the authenticity of the remains of the Apostle James and his disciples Athanasius and Theodore.
After this study, we restructured the access to the Tomb of the Apostle James; and the faithful, who had not been able to get closer than on the outside of the ambulatory of the Cathedral of Santiago could, since then, to venerate the Tomb of the Apostle directly.
The Church invites us to a pilgrimage to the Tomb of the Apostle Santiago
Pope Leo XIII wrote to bishops around the world a papal Bull titled Deus Omnipotens, inviting you to a pilgrimage to the Tomb of Santiago Apostle whose authenticity had been proven.
From here, numerous Popes expressing the importance of pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. The Holy Years (Years Compostela) pilgrimages usual increase dramatically.
The year 1982, in Santiago de Compostela, Pope John Paul II called himself a pilgrim. And in 1989, presides over the IV World Meeting of Young people, with approximately 500,000 young people who came from all over the world, in the Mount of Joy.
The Pilgrimage to the Tomb of the Apostle Santiago today
Every year come almost as many pilgrims as if it were a Holy Year. In the Holy Year of 1993 were recorded 99.436 pilgrims who arrived on foot, bicycle or horseback riding, making the way of Santiago. Always from a distance of not less than 100 km, The number of pilgrims to Santiago promoted by Church institutions it is estimated that year in the four and a half million people.
But the pilgrimage to Santiago is, and for those who come with an attitude of penance, especially on foot, were in 1994: 15.863; in 1995: 19.821; in 1996: 23.218; in 1997: 25.179. The part of the pilgrims to Santiago came from pilgrimages organized by institutions.
In the Cathedral of Santiago, there are pilgrims every day of the year; particularly numerous in the summer months. The experience of contact with them, shows the great level of faith that provides a pilgrimage to this Tomb of the Apostle Santiago. And the Church invites us to journey as pilgrims doing the Camino de Santiago with an attitude of faith.